Generational Cycle of Domestic Violence
Victims of domestic violence at some point in their intimate relationship question, "How did I get here?" not realizing that many had the road paved for them decades or even generations before. Law enforcement officers talk about career criminal families. We must recognize that we have career domestic violence families, and identify the strategies to break the cycle.
It is important to look at "the system" and the different parts that are available to assist victims of domestic violence. Who or what are the parts of the system, what is their role, and what happens when the system fails? Are there ways to address a failure? Specific system failures will be examined and what changes to the system have occurred as a result.
Behind the Badge: Police-Involved Domestic Violence
Law enforcement is a very noble profession. But in order to maintain that status, agencies must police themselves. Law enforcement is not exempt from employing those who perpetrate domestic violence in their intimate partner relationships. Background investigators, Academy staff, Internal Affairs personnel, commanders, civilian review boards, police chaplains and advocates must understand the dynamics of police-involved domestic violence in order to protect the victim, as well as the agency.
Civil Liability Issues for Law Enforcement
Several areas have been identified where police are likely to be successfully sued as it relates to calls for service involving domestic violence. Civil lawsuits are no longer just filed against an agency, but are now naming individual officers in their professional and personal capacity. Numerous cases will be examined where a judge or jury awarded the plaintiffs large settlements, and factors will be identified to reduce the liability of law enforcement personnel.
Lethality Assessment Program: Saving Lives One Screen at a Time
More than a decade has passed since a lethality screen was developed for law enforcement to assist them in identifying those victims of domestic violence who were more likely to be a victim of a homicide. In 2009 an urban Indiana agency piloted the program in their city, a city where nearly half of their homicides were family-violence related. Since that time not one victim of domestic violence where the police used the lethality screen has been murdered. Training, collaboration, communication, and memorandums of understanding will be discussed.
Best Practices for Law Enforcement Response to Intimate Partner Violence
Officers can learn to protect themselves and their career through a thorough practice of investigating all calls involving intimate partner violence. Sound tactics, predominant aggressor and arrest, mutual combat and dual arrest, and effective report writing will be addressed.
Utilizing an Expert Witness in Your Case
A prosecutor may decide an expert witness is necessary to educate the jury or judge about domestic violence during trial. A decision will need to be made who qualifies as an expert, how to use the expert prior to trial, whether they will testify case specific or as a blind witness, as well as whether or not they will be used at the sentencing hearing. Several examples will be given in both civil and criminal trials.
DV101: Understanding the Basics of Intimate Partner Violence
In order to effectively work with victims of domestic violence, it is imperative that you develop an understanding of the Power and Control wheel, counterintuitive behaviors that victims often display, recantation, and all the reasons why victims remain in an abusive relationship.
Workplace Violence Prevention
Most people believe that schools are the most likely target of an armed intruder when in fact commerce has experienced more shootings than any other environment over the last ten years. Companies should not set back and hope that nothing ever occurs. They should train for the “what ifs” beforehand and develop strategies to mitigate workplace violence. Companies must train all staff to recognize concerning behavior, how to react, to whom to report, and what outcomes may be expected. Learning to identify risk factors, confront threats to the workplace, recognize your own personal “buttons” that get pushed, and using language that doesn’t provoke and escalate a situation will be discussed.
Responding to Individuals Experiencing Mental Unwellness
If we are ever going to reduce the number of suicide attempts and suicide completions in our communities, we must learn how to identify those at risk. Everyone has the ability to learn how to question someone about their mental health state, and to know the resources available to assist someone in need. Your team can learn how to effectively intervene through QPR (Question, Persuade, Refer), the Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale, or implementing a Crisis Intervention Team model with your law enforcement and mental health providers.